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Cover of the book Necesidades emergentes en Chile. Avances en investigación y propuestas de intervención para la promoción del envejecimiento activo desde la Psicología

Physical activity to rescue the autonomy for elderly


  
Isidora Sesnic

Report: Isidora Sesnic

9, April 2018

At the prologue of the recently published book "Necesidades Emergentes en Chile: Avances en investigación y propuestas de intervención para la promoción del envejecimiento activo desde la Psicología" (Emerging Needs in Chile: Research advances and Intervention Proposals to Promote Active Aging from Psychology) by researcher at Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Dr. Victoria Plaza, the Spanish academic, Dr. Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros says: "The challenge of population aging has a clear answer: the promotion of active aging" (Plaza, 2018, p.9).

If we add to this statement that, according to data provided by the National Socioeconomic Characterization Survey (CASEN)in 1990 the population aging was 10.1%. Then, in 2011, it grew to 15.6%, then in 2013 it reached 16.7% and in 2015 it reached 17.5%, the conclusion is evident and aging becomes an unavoidable social issue and it is desirable to cover it from all the study fields. In this context, lines of research like the one from Dr. Eugenio Merellano, are highly necessary.

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Dr.Eugenio Merellano in “Vincúlate” meeting, 2017
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Merellano, academic and researcher of the Institute of Physical Activity and Health at Universidad Autónoma de Chile, campus Talca city, has linked physical education to issues related to the elderly. Specifically to the maintenance of autonomy in the elderly through the work of physical condition.

“Through physical conditions, physical activity experiences, good and systematic, we can delay the loss of autonomy and several chronic diseases that elderly suffer from, such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, Diabetes, because several of them are associated to bad lifestyle habits” says the researcher whose doctoral thesis degree was named “Physical condition, functional independency and quality of life related to Chilean elderly health”.


[SPANISH] "You will suffer from loss of functionality if you have not had a active life in terms of experiences related to physical activities. For sure you will loss autonomy, the possibility you have in your daily life to perform activities with autonomy".

According to the  National Study of Dependency in Elderly, “the great amount of scope that the presence of dependence has in the population of the country, determines the importance of an adequate measuring of the magnitude of this problem" (SENAMA, 2014 p.8). For Dr. Merellano this is a fact, but we can work about: "The physical activity, or better levels of physical activity, delay this loss of autonomy".

[SPANISH]"The physical activity, or better levels of physical activity, delay this loss of autonomy".

In deep...
Active aging


In April, the Universidad Autónoma hosted the Jornadas Nacionales para la promoción del Envejecimiento activo desde la Psicología (national meeting to promote active aging from psychology) in Santiago and Talca city that were carried out within the framework of the research project FONDECYT 11140365 from researcher Dr. Victoria Plaza.

Isidora Sesnic
Reportage: Isidora Sesnic

9, April 2018

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